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From Goals to Data and Back Again

From Goals to Data and Back Again
Adding Backbone to Developmental Intervention for Children with Autism

Jill Fain Lehman, Ph. D.
Rebecca Klaw, M.S., M.Ed.

Copyright (c) 2001
225 pages plus electronic delivery of practice exercises ($25.00+S/H) ORDER

Chapter 1 Why We Wrote This Book
The role of data collection in a complete approach to developmentally-based intervention.

Chapter 2 Identifying Goals
Examples of developmentally-based goals in the critical areas of attention & social relatedness, imitation, affect, self-regulation, play, communication, sensory issues, perseverative behaviors, concept development, awareness of others, social skills with peers, respecting social norms, school & camp skills, leisure.

Chapter 3 Writing Measurable Goals
The three phases of developmentally-based intervention, how to quantify and qualify goals, how to measure change in frequency, duration, range of behavior & prompt level, tracking goal-independent factors. Practice exercises.

Chapter 4 Collecting the Data
Writing data questions, formatting the data sheet for accuracy and ease of use, frequency of data collection.

Chapter 5 Putting it All Together — Joey, Tyler, and Mai Lin
Takes you step-by-step through the creation of data collection sheets based on case histories of three children at different points on the autism spectrum. Practice exercises.

Chapter 6 From Data Collection to Data Analysis
Types of data, translating words to numbers, creating spreadsheets & line graphs in Excel. Practice exercises in Excel.**

Chapter 7 The Mean — Detecting Change
Change in developmentally-based intervention, calculating the mean & creating bar graphs in Excel. Practice exercises in Excel.**

Chapter 8 The Standard Deviation — Measuring Reliability
Distance as a measure of reliability, computing & graphing standard deviation in Excel, evaluating change using a comparison of means. Practice exercises in Excel.**

Chapter 9 Factor Data — Exceptions that Prove the Rule
Identifying outliers in the data set, correlation between factors and performance, the difference between correlation and causality, negative correlation, computing correlations in Excel. Practice exercises in Excel.**

Chapter 10 Coming Full Circle — Joey, Tyler, and Mai Lin
A continuation of Chapter 5 in which we analyze the data for each child’s goals & discuss the next round of intervention based on the histories, original goals & analysis of current performance.

Chapter 11 Conclusions

Appendix A Basic Intervention Goals for Children with Autism

Appendix B Handouts

Appendix C Exercises

Our approach requires no math skills or prior experience with spreadsheets!

**Practice exercises will be sent via one-time email attachment and require Microsoft Excel ’95 (or higher) and Microsoft Word ’95 (or higher).